Prerequisite: GEOG 330 or GEOL 240 or GEOL 300. Methods and theories used in reconstructing and dating climates of the past 2 million years, using such proxies as sediment sequences, packrat middens, ice cores, tree rings, corals, and documentary data. Causes of environmental change and human interactions are analyzed.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hours, lab activities 2 hours) Cross-listed with GEOL 445. Same course as GEOL 445. Not open for credit to students with credit in GEOL 445